The signal was out to prepare to anchor if necessary. After this freak, which might have proved serious, we had additional guard boats during night. A marine who had sailed with me in a former ship was standing up as I passed, with his left arm hanging down. [2], On 24 May the cutter Resolution captured Esperance and Vigilant, with Tonnant sharing in the capture. The Tonnant class was a group of eight 80-gun third rates, designed for French Navy by Jacques-Noel Sane. They extended in line ahead. All our ships that had bands were playing “Rule Britannia,” “Downfall of Paris,” etc. I must not omit that when the Commander of the French fleet, Admiral Villeneuve, was brought alongside us instead of the Victory, he was informed it was not Nelson’s ship. The carpenters had cobbled up one of the cutters, in which I was sent on board the Royal Sovereign to report our condition and to request the assistance of one of the fleet to tow us, as in consequence of our rudder being so much shattered by shot it was rendered unserviceable. [Note 5] After his release, Skinner, Key and Beanes were allowed to return to their own sloop, but were not allowed to return to Baltimore because they had become familiar with the strength and position of British units and knew of the British intention to attack Baltimore. [4] Next, Tonnant, Mars and Spartiate captured the Dutch ships Coffee Baum and Maasluys on 2 and 4 June. Tonnant was the flagship of Vice-Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane during most of the campaign in the Chesapeake Bay during the simultaneous War of 1812 with the United States. Tonnant continued to serve Cochrane as a flagship when he directed the British naval forces at the Battle of New Orleans. [11][Note 3], Tonnant underwent a refit at Portsmouth between January and June 1806. We had taken the precaution of keeping our guns towards the enemy shotted, but fortunately for us and for those people who were amusing themselves in the enemy’s gun-boats, the fog was so dense that we neither could see them or they us. The wind still continued light, and the signal was flying to renew the attack. They escaped her but British naval forces of varying strengths harried them during their journey back to port and they only just made it to the safety of A Coruña. Tyler was born in County Cavan, Ireland in 1760, the son of Captain Peter Tyler of the Oxfordshire Light Infantry and his wife the Hon. Our severe contest with the French admiral lasted more than half-an-hour, our sides grinding so much against each other that we were obliged to fire the lower deck guns without running them out. Tyler carefully drilled his crew until Tonnant was amongst the most efficient and powerful ships in the fleet. The love of his country was engraven on his heart. Trafalgar is one of the most famous British battles of all time, right alongside the Battle of Hastings and other pivotal moments in the history of the British Isles. Du Petit-Thouars, who had both legs and an arm shot off, commanded his ship until he died. The book in its entirety can be found at Gutenberg Press – if you don’t know this website, you’re missing out on a treasure trove of great books! These powerful ships of the line had a designed crew of around 780, and they were armed with 30 32-Pounder guns in the lowerdeck, 30 24-Pounder guns in the upperdeck, 18 24-Pounder guns in the quarterdeck, 2 12-Pounder guns in the forecastle. [13], In July 1807 she was under Captain Richard Hancock and served as flagship for Rear-Admiral Michael de Courcy. [23] After rowing for 36 hours, the British met the Americans at St. Joseph's Island. She was nine days out of Saint-Malo and had captured one vessel, a Spanish merchant ship that the Royal Navy had recaptured on the 24th. Source: Wikipedia. On 13–14 September 1814 Francis Scott Key and John Stuart Skinner were dining aboard the ship after negotiations to release some captured prisoners, during the Battle of Baltimore. Tyler was specially requested by Nelson for the Cadiz blockade in 1805, and thus participated in the battle of Trafalgar, although not before he was forced to travel to Naples where his son was under arrest for desertion from the navy (out of love for a ballerina) and crippling … This is within WO 1/143 folio 14, which can be downloaded for a fee from the, List of ships captured in the 18th century, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1798, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Tonnant&oldid=998848801, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 08:35. When I was sent on board Admiral Collingwood’s ship during the action I observed a great anxiety in the officers’ faces. The shot were the most destructive. Having no boat that would float, four of the seamen jumped overboard to rescue those who could not swim, and they all regained the ship. Anaconda then evacuated the wounded. It was a singular coincidence to see us shaking hands and offering cigars to men whose duty it was an hour before to shoot us. He deliberately took his knife and cut it away. They found the gallant French Admiral Magon killed at the foot of the … These powerful ships of the line had a designed crew of around 780, and they were armed with 30 32–Pounder guns in the lowerdeck, 30 24–Pounder guns in the upperdeck, 18 24–Pounder guns in the quarterdeck, 2 12–Pounder guns in the forecastle. During the bombardment, Erebus provided the "rockets red glare" whilst Meteor provided at least some of the "bombs bursting in air" that feature in the lyrics. The Battle of Trafalgar, by William Clarkson Stanfield. Pellew received £85 12s 1d; a seaman received 3s 5¼d. On entering the cockpit I found fourteen men waiting amputation of either an arm or a leg. Tonnant shared in the capture of Perseverance on 28 October, though the prize money was much less. [2], Tonnant was paid off into ordinary in November 1818. On the fourth morning, at daylight, during a fog, we were not a little astonished at finding ourselves bombarded, and the shells and shot flying fast and thick amongst us. ( Log Out /  The purpose of HMS ACASTA is to accurately portray a crew of His Majesty's Royal Navy circa 1800-1810 for the educational benefit of the public and for the mutual research and enjoyment of the individual members. On the afternoon of the 20th of October, 1805, our longing eyes were blessed with the signal. Everything went off very pleasantly except with the poor, distressed horses, who had to run over deep sand. About 7 p.m. the wind began to freshen from the westward. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. The British captured or destroyed almost the entire American force, including the tender, USS Alligator, and five gunboats. [24][Note 6] In 1847 the Admiralty awarded the Naval General Service Medal with clasp "14 Dec Boat Service 1814" to 205 survivors (from all the participating boats). HMS Agamemnon (S124) is the sixth vessel born from the Astute-class of nuclear-powered submarines serving the modern British Royal Navy. They cheered and in a short time carried her. I must retrograde a little here and relate a few occurrences which took place during the action, and of which I was an eye-witness. Dining With The Enemy. The capture involved many large vessels and. On 21st March 1812, the French cargo ship L'Emilie surrendered to a force comprised of HMS Poictiers, HMS Tonnant (80), HMS Colussus (74) HMS Bulwark (74) and HMS Hogue (74). Abercrombie was in company with Tonnant, Royal Sovereign, Queen, Pompee and Goldfinch. At length both ships caught fire before the chest-trees, and our firemen, with all the coolness and courage so inherent in British seamen, got the engine and played on both ships, and finally extinguished the flames, although two of them were severely wounded in doing so. I, having received a wound in the left hand, which was painful, did not attend. Tonnant underwent repairs between December 1801 and April 1803. The order was given to fire; being so close every shot was poured into their hulls, down came the Frenchman’s mizzen-mast, and after our second broadside the Spaniard’s fore and cross-jack yards. The Santissima Trinidada, one of the Spanish prizes, went down in consequence of having received so many shot between wind and water. The Defiance was ordered to take us in tow; we shortly afterwards made the signal, that we were able to renew the action. He served off New London 1813-14, encouraging the arrangement of a “duel” between the former sister ships USS Macedonian and HMS Statira in January 1814. Immediately before the battle, boats from Tonnant participated in the British victory at the Battle of Lake Borgne. We answered with alacrity the signal to make all sail for the enemy, preserving our order of sailing. Tonnant was the only French ship still engaged in the morning, with her colours flying, though aground. Flags of truce were stuck up beyond the Gibraltar limits, and we were at liberty to go nearly as far as the nearest Spanish fort. A first-class share of the prize money was worth £34 12s 9¼d; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth 7s 10¾d. Captain Montresor of the gun-brig Manly commanded the second, and Captain Roberts of Meteor commanded the third. A number of our fleet had done the same, and several of the enemy followed our example. She was commissioned in March 1803 under Captain Sir Edward Pellew. We returned her salute with interest, and her foremast went about four feet above her deck. The British took her into their service, registering and naming her as HMS Tonnant on 9 December 1798. This brief account summarizes just a few features of East Lothian’s connections to one of the key actions in British naval history and the Napoleonic Wars. The exertion he made burst the vessels, and before they could be again taken up he died. [7] In the new year, on 18 February 1804, Tonnant and the ships of the squadron recaptured the brig Eliza. Emilie was armed with twelve 10-pounder guns and had a crew of 84 men. HMS Malta previously … Mr. C., the lieutenant, was nearly drowned, and had it not been for a black man, who took him on his back, he must have sunk. Rear-Admiral Horatio Nelson captured her at Aboukir Bay off the coast of Egypt at the Battle of the Nile on 1 August 1798. In 1771, at eleven years of age, he joined the Royal Navy aboard HMS Barfleur (1768) under Captain Andrew Snape Hamond as a … She was broken up at Plymouth in March 1821.[2]. The telegraph signal was flying from the masthead of the Victory, “England expects every man to do his duty.” It was answered with three hearty cheers from each ship, which must have shaken the nerve of the enemy. 'Thundering') was an 80-gun ship of the line of the Royal Navy. This was owing to their having so few of our men on board them, and to our not being able, in consequence of the loss of boats, to take out the prisoners. [18] Then on 18 April Tonnant captured Martha. He was desired to go below to the doctor. While most people know of the story of Admiral Lord Nelson, here is a first-hand account of the battle from the perspective of Captain Frederick Hoffman, who was aboard the H.M.S. In the ensuing boarding action, Admiral Nelson was felled by a mizzen top sniper. On the morning of 14 December, the British engaged the Americans in a short, violent battle. HMS Tonnant 80 guns, Good Captain, Good Crew HMS Ardent 64 guns, Inspired Captain, Good Crew HMS Boadicea 38 guns Good Captain, Good Crew. We manned the jolly boat—the only boat that we thought would float—to take possession of her, but she had not proceeded more than a few yards when down she went, leaving the fourth lieutenant and her crew paddling like sea nondescripts. 22 Oct 1805 the prize crew from the Tonnant, on board the French prize Algésiras, released the French crew when the ship was in danger of drifting on to rocks and was taken into Cadiz. (This man he never lost sight of and left him a handsome legacy when he died.) The enemy’s fleet were making for Cadiz. [23] On 13 December 1814, the British attacked the one-gun schooner USS Sea Horse. A prize crew sailed the prize to Gibraltar where she was purchased into the Navy. Thomas, RN), HMS Diamond (Lt.Cdr. M.S. We were in this situation about half-an-hour, when the Spaniard called out he had struck, but before we could take possession of him, a French ship of eighty guns with an admiral’s flag came up, and poured a raking broadside into our stern which killed and wounded forty petty officers and men, nearly cut the rudder in two, and shattered the whole of the stern with the quarter galleries. We had pummelled her so handsomely that fourteen of her lower deck guns were dismounted, and her larboard bow exhibited a mass of splinters. We had fought on nearly empty stomachs. [5] Tonnant then was one of the vessels that shared in the recapture on 27 August of Lord Nelson. As a result, Key witnessed the bombarding of Fort McHenry and was inspired to write a poem called Defence of Fort M'Henry, later named "The Star Spangled Banner". The French admiral’s ship who so gallantly attempted to board us had his flag hoisted in three places. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Cartwright, RN) and the French submarines Le Glorieux (Lieutenant de vaisseau (Lt.) J.C.P. Their vessel was a small cartel ship bearing a flag of truce and manned with a crew of ten. Anglo-Spanish forces captured her there in August 1793, but left her when they withdrew in December. Under his command she participated in the Blockade of Ferrol. [Note 1]. We fortunately had been able to fix the quarter tackles to the ring-bolts of the rudder before the gale came on. The Tonnant class ship HMS … On mustering our ship’s company after we were tolerably in order, we found we had twenty-six killed and fifty-eight wounded, the captain included, who, as soon as we arrived, went on shore. We soon cut away all that was useless, and in twenty minutes we were under topsails as courses, and top-gallant-sails as topsails. 29 Apr 1810 At Cadiz. ( Log Out /  The principal signalman, whose name was White, and a captain of one of the guns on the poop, had his right great toe nearly severed from his foot. [2] Even before she formally entered British service, she was among the vessels that participated in the capture of the Greek vessel Ardito on 24 October 1798. I regret to mention that out of sixteen amputations only two survived. He came with a numerous retinue. We had hoisted our colours before the action in four different places, at the ensign-staff, peak, and in the fore and main top-mast shrouds, that if one was shot away the others might be flying. Tonnant fought in the battles of Genoa on 14 March 1795 and The Nile on 1 August 1798 under Aristide Aubert Du Petit Thouars. The crew were then ordered with the second lieutenant to board her. We had only a few ropes shot away and one man wounded. HMS Tonnant (French language: "Thundering") was an 80-gun ship of the line of the Royal Navy.She had previously been the Tonnant of the French Navy and the lead ship of the Tonnant class.Rear-Admiral Horatio Nelson captured her at Aboukir Bay off the coast of Egypt at the Battle of the Nile on 1 August 1798. The crew were then ordered with the second lieutenant to board her. Shortly thereafter a sniper would kill Ross while Ross was leading his forces against Baltimore. [10] Captain Charles Tyler replaced Jervis in March. He then hopped to another gun, where he amused himself at the Frenchman’s expense until the action ceased. We cleared for quarters and were in high spirits. They cheered and in a short time carried her. ★ HMS Resolution (1667) HMS Resolution was a 70-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched at Harwich Dockyard on 6 December 1667. They had made a good job of it, and it answered admirably. She then served as the flagship for Admiral Lord Keith when she took part in the exiling of Napoleon to St. Helena in 1815, though she was not part of the flotilla that took him there. She was taken into British service as HMS Tonnant. “My God,” said he, “you are all Nelsons!”5. During this time we were not idle. The muster roll for HMS Victory is held in the archives at the library here at the National Museum of the Royal Navy. We remarked they had formed their ships alternately French and Spanish. Tonnant joined the War of 1812 late. For more chance of success, use an asterisk on each side of the place name, for example, *England* or *India* Tonnant was the lead ship in a class of 80-gun two-deckers built to a design by Jacques-Noël Sané, and ordered on 19 October 1787. The shells fell either short or over us on shore, where they did no injury. We sent our wounded men to the hospital, and began to refit. She was commissioned in March 1803 under Captain Sir Edward Pellew. A cordon of frigates were ordered to repeat signals to us from the one nearest the shore, whilst we kept nearly out of sight of the land, and all our ships’ sides were ordered to be painted yellow with black streaks, and the masts yellow. After our second broadside all was silent. In 1820, while at sea in the southern Pacific Ocean under the command of Captain George Pollard, she was attacked and sunk by a sperm whale. The night was passed in much painful anxiety, and we expected every time we wore to strike on the rocks of Cape Trafalgar. HMS "Tonnant" SB 392: ADM 36/16232 - - CLINCH: Edward: 22: Blandford: Carpenter’s Crew: HMS "Dreadnought" SB 294: ADM 36/15955 ADM 27/10 - - Allotment made from wages 18 May 1805 to mother: COFFIN: Joseph: 21: Blandford: Landsman: HMS "Ajax" SB 609: ADM 36/16538: possibly son of William & Jane COFFIN chr. She left the anchorage off Mobile Bay on 18 February and arrived in Havana on 24 February 1815, accompanied by Asia and Vengeur.[26]. Crew - 690 History This sturdy ship is famous for bravely fighting three British ships of the line (HMS Victory, HMS Temeraire and HMS Tonnant) during the battle of Trafalgar, under the command of Captain Lucas. [2] She then served as flagship for Rear-Admiral Eliab Harvey. While serving together in HMS Tonnant in 1810, Lieutenant Thomas W. Cecil remarked that Stackpoole “drew a long bow” (lied). We soon lost sight of them among the rocks. Tonnant (French: "Thundering") was an 80-gun ship of the line of the French Navy and lead ship of the Tonnant class. Tyler was specially requested by Nelson for the Cadiz blockade in 1805, and thus participated in the battle of Trafalgar , although not before he was forced to travel to Naples where his son was under arrest for desertion from the navy (out of love for a ballerina) and … Admiral Nelson captured her at Aboukir Bay on 1 August 1798. The wind was very light, and it was nearly noon before we closed with the enemy. We left the second lieutenant and sixty men in charge of her, and took some of the prisoners on board when she swung clear of us. 15 May 1810 Is reported by the Leda to be at Cadiz. At length we had the honour of nestling His Majesty’s ship between a French and a Spanish seventy-four, and so close that a biscuit might have been thrown on the decks of either of them. The explosion she made was sublime and awful; a number of her crew were saved by the Pickle schooner. She went on to fight at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, during the Napoleonic Wars. Not a particularly good roll up for the British with lots of average stuff and being outnumbered 10 to 6 and then the random wind direction favoured the Spanish. HMS Tonnant Leave a comment Posted on August 28, 2014 1814, American History, Baltimore, Major General Robert Ross, Military History, Sam Smith, Star Spangled 200, Star Spangled Banner, War of 1812. The real life exploits of this British Royal Navy officer inspired the fictional heroes of C.S. Under his command she participated in the Blockade of Ferrol. The crew of Redoutable rushed to man her artillery and engage Temeraire with her starboard battery, Soon, HMS Tonnant took a position at stern of Redoutable, which thus found herself fired upon from three larger ships. Lockyer drew his flotilla from the fleet that was massing against New Orleans, including the 74-gun third rates Royal Oak and Tonnant, and a number of other vessels including Armide, Seahorse, Manly and Meteor. Key’s party finally found the HMS Tonnant, the flagship of the fleet, whose crew welcomed them on board. She then reverted to the French Navy.[1]. The dusty bits of history undusted and presented to the unsuspecting public. Our guns were all double-shotted. ( Log Out /  May 1810 is reported by the Pickle schooner hundred petty officers and men wounded in the Battle of (. 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